How to Prepare for Disaster
We always hope that disaster doesn’t strike, yet it can happen at any time. You must always be prepared for any event
whether it’s a flood or an earthquake. Having a disaster plan can take some of the shock and anxiety out of a devastating event when it happens unexpectedly. Below are some things you can do to to learn how to prepare for disaster
Learn about any common disasters likely to occur in your area/region
Call your local emergency management office or American Red Cross chapter to learn what to prepare for in case of disaster. Find out what disasters can happen and whether they’re natural or manmade, then learn the best ways to prepare for each one. Learn about the public warning systems your community provides and what they sound like. Also learn about the disaster plans at your workplace, school, daycare, or any other place where your family may spend a certain amount of time.
Create and implement a family disaster plan
Organize a family meeting to discuss any plan that needs to be in place and the importance of that plan. The plan must be simple enough for everyone to understand and to follow in case of a genuine emergency. Sometimes panic can set in if instructions are too complicated, so it’s important that each person in the household does his/her part to ensure that the plan goes smoothly. Carefully explain the dangers regarding the type of disasters which may occur in your area. Everyone should know what to do in each instance. Discussion of these details will help in keeping everyone calm when disaster strikes.
There should be two places for your family to meet in case everyone is not together when the disaster occurs. Each family member should each be familiar with the designated locations and know the exact address: directly outside your home in case of a sudden emergency or outside of your neighborhood in case you are unable to return home or are instructed to leave your neighborhood. Separation of family members often happens during a disaster, particularly when parents are at work and children are in school. There needs to be a plan for getting everyone together in order to prepare for disaster.
There should be a primary person designated outside of the disaster area who serves as your family’s main contact. Family members should call the designated contact person and tell him or her where they are currently located. Each family member must know the primary contact person’s name, address, and phone number. You should also know where all shelters in the contact’s area are located or arrange to stay with that contact if necessary. Plan your escape routes and become familiar with them. There should also be alternate escape routes planned to prepare for disaster.
If you have pets, you must create a plan on how you will care for them during a disaster. Unless your pet(s) are service animals they are not permitted to be in places where food is served, according to most local health department regulations. Be sure to plan where you would take your pets if you had to go to a public shelter where pets are not permitted. Lastly, be sure to post all important phone numbers and emergency numbers next to all phones in your home.
Rehearse your disaster plan
Once you have your disaster plan assembled and ready, it’s important to have a practice run with your family members so that everyone will know their respective roles. You may need to modify the plan on occasion over time when conditions change. Conducting actual drills with your family will help to keep them better prepared in case disaster strikes. Addition
ally, you should drive to all evacuation routes designated in your plan. These drills or rehearsals should be performed at least twice a year. Be sure to keep a store of non-perishable food and water. Also restock after six months to keep goods refreshed. Check your smoke alarms every month and test them periodically to ensure they are all in working order. Replace batteries as needed. The National Fire Protection Association and U.S. Consumer Products Safety Commission has recommended that you change out your fire alarmsms every ten years. Also make sure to test all fire extinguishers in your home. It is always best to learn how to prepare for disaster.
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If you are ever experiencing water damage be sure to contact San Diego Water Damage Repairs, for San Diego’s best water damage repair company. When faced with a disaster it is always best to to contact the professionals to make sure your damage is best mitigated.
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